查看完整版本 : 各種 國際象棋 哲學思維 various schools of thoughts in chess

良心之光 2018-3-31 08:38 AM

各種 國際象棋 哲學思維 various schools of thoughts in chess

1.[b][size=5][color=Blue]Philidor[/color][/size][/b]
PhilidorIn 1749, [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois-Andr%C3%A9_Danican_Philidor]François-André Danican Philidor[/url] published [i]Analyse du jeu des Échecs[/i]. This was the first book to discuss the strategy of chess in the whole in detail. It was also the first to discuss the interplay of [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_chess#piece]pieces[/url] and [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawn_(chess)]pawns[/url] in the game. Philidor believed that maintaining the [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_chess#mobility]mobility[/url] of pawns was the most important strategic factor of chess, and he discussed [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawn_structure]pawn structure[/url], particularly [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isolated_pawn]isolated pawns[/url], [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doubled_pawns]doubled pawns[/url], and [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Backward_pawn]backward pawns[/url].
Philidor's writings were widely praised and misunderstood for 90 years. His ideas were taken up by the English school in the 1840s. In 1925 [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aron_Nimzowitsch]Aron Nimzowitsch[/url] recognized the importance of pawn mobility. Philidor has increasingly been recognized as the founder of modern chess strategy ([url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School_of_chess#CITEREFHooperWhyld1992]Hooper & Whyld 1992[/url]:359).
來源:[url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School_of_chess]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School_of_chess[/url]
我的評論:這是讓大家咀嚼以及參與發表意見的。

[[i] 本帖最後由 良心之光 於 2018-4-1 05:16 PM 編輯 [/i]]

良心之光 2018-4-1 05:13 PM

2.The [b]Modenese school r[/b]ecommended playing the [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_Game]Italian Game[/url] [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chess_opening]opening[/url]. In contrast to [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois-Andr%C3%A9_Danican_Philidor]Philidor's[/url] idea of [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawn_structure]pawn structure[/url] and [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_chess#Mobility]mobility[/url], the Modenese school emphasized rapid [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_chess#Develop]development[/url] of the pieces for an attack on the opposing [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_(chess)]king[/url], aiming for [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Checkmate]checkmate[/url] or winning [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Material_(chess)]material[/url] in the process.
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查看完整版本: 各種 國際象棋 哲學思維 various schools of thoughts in chess